physician photo

Susan E. Mackinnon, MD

  • Chief, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
  • Shoenberg Professor of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Medical School

Queens University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, 1975

Post Doctoral Education

Residency: Surgery, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, 1978

Residency: Surgery, Division of Plastic Surgery, University in Toronto, Canada, 1980

Fellowship: Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Canada, 1981

Fellowship: Hand Surgery, Raymond Curtis Hand Center, Union Memorial Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, 1982

Board Certifications

Plastic Surgery--Certified

Honors and Awards

Jacobson Innovation Award, American College of Surgeons, 2013

2013, Listed in Best Doctors in America (Best Doctors, Inc.)

2010, Listed in America's Top Doctors, Castle Connolly Medical Ltd.

Penfield Lecture at the 40th Annual Scientific meeting of the Canadian Congress of Neurological Sciences. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, June 2005

Outstanding Clinician - First Annual Washington University School of Medicine III Humanity Program Award

Honored Senior Professor for Surgery and Rehabilitation of the Hand, Thomas Jefferson University and Hand Rehabilitation Foundation, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, March 2004

Honored Professor, the Philadelphia Annual Hand Surgery Symposium, March, 2004

The J. Joseph Danyo Presidential Invited Lecturer 1, American Association for Hand Surgery, Palm Springs, California, 2004

Medal Award in Surgery, Royal College Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, 1988.

Professional Society Offices
American Association of Hand Surgery
Vice President, 2003
President Elect, 2004
President, 2005

American Association of Plastic Surgeons
Treasurer, 2003 – 2005
Vice President, 2005
Awards Committee Chairperson, 2005-2006

Clinical Interests

Dr. Mackinnon specializes in nerve transplantation, peripheral nerve surgery, and plastic and reconstructive surgery.

Her areas of clinical interest include peripheral nerve surgery in hand/upper extremity and lower extremity, carpal tunnel syndrome, tarsal tunnel syndrome, thoracic outlet syndrome, brachial plexus, cumulative trauma disorder, nerve transplant, nerve compression, facial palsy, and hand and upper extremity disorders and injuries.

Also see Center for Nerve Injury & Paralysis.

Research Interests

NIH - ZRG NeuB -2, 2001-2007
8R01 NS 33406-12
Nerve Allotransplantation for Traumatic Nerve Injury

1 R01 NS051706-01A2, 2006-2011
The Effects of GDNF on Peripheral Nerve Regeneration

Hospital Affiliations

Barnes-Jewish Hospital
Barnes-Jewish West County Hospital
St. Louis Children's Hospital

Patients Seen At

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Center
Center for Advanced Medicine
4921 Parkview Place, Suite G, Floor 6
St. Louis, MO 63110
(314) 362-7388 or (800) 283-5848

Contact Information

660 South Euclid Avenue
Suite 1150, Northwest Tower
Campus Box 8238
St. Louis, MO 63110
Fax: (314) 362-4536

Selected Publications

Articles are selected from more than 340 publications authored by Dr. Mackinnon

Glaus SW, Johnson PJ, Mackinnon SE. Clinical strategies to enhance nerve regeneration in composite tissue allotransplantation. Hand Clin. 2011 Nov;27(4):495-509, ix.

Boyd KU, Nimigan AS, Mackinnon SE. Nerve reconstruction in the hand and upper extremity. Clin Plast Surg. 2011 Oct;38(4):643-60.

Moore AM, Borschel GH, Santosa KA, Flagg ER, Tong AY, Kasukurthi R, Newton P, Yan Y, Hunter DA, Johnson PJ, Mackinnon SE. A transgenic rat expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) in peripheral nerves provides a new hindlimb model for the study of nerve injury and regeneration. J Neurosci Methods. 2011 Oct 20;204(1):19-27.

Jesuraj NJ, Nguyen PK, Wood MD, Moore AM, Borschel GH, Mackinnon SE, Sakiyama-Elbert SE. Differential gene expression in motor and sensory Schwann cells in the rat femoral nerve. J Neurosci Res. 2012 Jan;90(1):96-104.

Kale SS, Glaus SW, Yee A, Nicoson MC, Hunter DA, Mackinnon SE, Johnson PJ. Reverse end-to-side nerve transfer: from animal model to clinical use. J Hand Surg Am. 2011 Oct;36(10):1631-1639.e2.

Yu VM, Mackinnon SE, Hunter DA, Brenner MJ. Effect of sialodacryoadenitis virus infection on axonal regeneration. Microsurgery. 2011 Sep;31(6):458-64.

Yan Y, Sun HH, Mackinnon SE, Johnson PJ. Evaluation of peripheral nerve regeneration via in vivo serial transcutaneous imaging using transgenic Thy1-YFP mice. Exp Neurol. 2011 Nov;232(1):7-14.

Ray WZ, Pet MA, Nicoson MC, Yee A, Kahn LC, Mackinnon SE. Two-level motor nerve transfer for the treatment of long thoracic nerve palsy. J Neurosurg. 2011 Oct;115(4):858-64.

Gillenwater J, Cheng J, Mackinnon SE. Evaluation of the scratch collapse test in peroneal nerve compression. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2011 Oct;128(4):933-9.

Lipira AB, Mackinnon SE, Fox IK. Axillary arterial catheter use associated with hand ischemia in a multi-trauma patient: case report and literature review. J Clin Anesth. 2011 Jun;23(4):325-8.

Moore AM, MacEwan M, Santosa KB, Chenard KE, Ray WZ, Hunter DA, Mackinnon SE, Johnson PJ. Acellular nerve allografts in peripheral nerve regeneration: a comparative study. Muscle Nerve. 2011 Aug;44(2):221-34.

Ray WZ, Mackinnon SE. Nerve problems in the lower extremity. Foot Ankle Clin. 2011 Jun;16(2):243-54.

Novak CB, Anastakis DJ, Beaton DE, Mackinnon SE, Katz J. Biomedical and psychosocial factors associated with disability after peripheral nerve injury. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 May 18;93(10):929-36.

Fox IK, Mackinnon SE. Adult peripheral nerve disorders: nerve entrapment, repair, transfer, and brachial plexus disorders. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2011 May;127(5):105e-118e.

Pfister BJ, Gordon T, Loverde JR, Kochar AS, Mackinnon SE, Cullen DK. Biomedical engineering strategies for peripheral nerve repair: surgical applications, state of the art, and future challenges. Crit Rev Biomed Eng. 2011;39(2):81-124. Review.

Pub Med page for Susan E. Mackinnon, M.D.


Articles are selected from more than 125 publications authored by Dr. Mackinnon.

Mackinnon SE, Patterson GA, Colbert SH. Supraclavicular approach to first rib resection for thoracic outlet syndrome. In: Cohn LH (ed.). Operative Techniques in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery: A Comparative Atlas. 10(4), 318-328, WB Saunders. 2006.

Weber RV, Mackinnon SE. Bridging the Neural Gap. In: McKee N (ed.). Clinics in Plastic Surgery 32:4, 605-616, 2005.

Weber RV, Mackinnon SE. Management of nerve injuries following a soft tissue and boney trauma. In: WP Cooney III MD (ed.). Williams & Wilkins’ Master Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery Series. Lippincott; 2005.

Myckatyn TM, Mackinnon SE. Submuscular ulnar nerve transposition. Neurosurgery Operative Atlas. 5th ed. 2005.

Myckatyn TM, Mackinnon SE. Microsurgical repair of peripheral nerves and nerve grafts. Grabb and Smith’s Plastic Surgery. 6th ed. 2005.

Mackinnon SE, Novak CB. Compressive Neuropathies. In: Green DP, Hotchkiss RN, Pederson WC, Wolfe SW. (eds.). Operative Hand Surgery. 5th Edition. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 2004.

Myckatyn TM, Mackinnon SE. A review of facial nerve anatomy. Seminars in Plastic Surgery. 18:5-11, 2004.

Rovak JM, Tung TH, Mackinnon SE. The Surgical Management of Facial Nerve Injury. Seminars in Plastic Surgery. 2004.

Tung TH, Mackinnon SE: Limb allotransplantation – Experimental. In: Weinzweig N and Weinzweig J (ed.). The Mutilated Hand. Philadelphia: Hanley & Belfus, Inc.; 2004.

Myckatyn TM, Mackinnon SE. Surgical Techniques of Nerve Grafting (Standard/Vascularized/Allograft) In: Operative Techniques in Orthopaedics. Philadephia: Elsevier Inc.; 2004.

Vernadakis AJ, Mackinnon SE: Nerve Injuries. In: Cameron John L. (ed.). Current Surgical Therapy. 8th Edition. Philadelphia: Elsevier Mosby; 2004;1066-1071.