physician photo

Susan E. Mackinnon, MD

  • Chief, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
  • Shoenberg Professor of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Medical School

Queens University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, 1975

Post Doctoral Education

Residency: Surgery, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, 1978

Residency: Surgery, Division of Plastic Surgery, University in Toronto, Canada, 1980

Fellowship: Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Canada, 1981

Fellowship: Hand Surgery, Raymond Curtis Hand Center, Union Memorial Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, 1982

Board Certifications

Plastic Surgery--Certified

Honors and Awards

Jacobson Innovation Award, American College of Surgeons, 2013

2017, Listed in Best Doctors in America (Best Doctors, Inc.)

Penfield Lecture at the 40th Annual Scientific meeting of the Canadian Congress of Neurological Sciences. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, June 2005

Outstanding Clinician - First Annual Washington University School of Medicine III Humanity Program Award

Honored Senior Professor for Surgery and Rehabilitation of the Hand, Thomas Jefferson University and Hand Rehabilitation Foundation, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, March 2004

Honored Professor, the Philadelphia Annual Hand Surgery Symposium, March, 2004

The J. Joseph Danyo Presidential Invited Lecturer 1, American Association for Hand Surgery, Palm Springs, California, 2004

Medal Award in Surgery, Royal College Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, 1988.

Professional Society Offices
American Association of Hand Surgery
Vice President, 2003
President Elect, 2004
President, 2005

American Association of Plastic Surgeons
Treasurer, 2003 – 2005
Vice President, 2005
Awards Committee Chairperson, 2005-2006

Clinical Interests

Dr. Mackinnon specializes in nerve transplantation, peripheral nerve surgery, and plastic and reconstructive surgery.

Her areas of clinical interest include peripheral nerve surgery in hand/upper extremity and lower extremity, carpal tunnel syndrome, tarsal tunnel syndrome, thoracic outlet syndrome, brachial plexus, cumulative trauma disorder, nerve transplant, nerve compression, facial palsy, and hand and upper extremity disorders and injuries.

Also see Center for Nerve Injury & Paralysis.

Research Interests

NIH - ZRG NeuB -2, 2001-2007
8R01 NS 33406-12
Nerve Allotransplantation for Traumatic Nerve Injury

1 R01 NS051706-01A2, 2006-2011
The Effects of GDNF on Peripheral Nerve Regeneration

Hospital Affiliations

Barnes-Jewish Hospital
Barnes-Jewish West County Hospital
St. Louis Children's Hospital

Patients Seen At

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Center
Center for Advanced Medicine
4921 Parkview Place, Suite G, Floor 6
St. Louis, MO 63110
(314) 362-7388 or (800) 283-5848

Contact Information

660 South Euclid Avenue
Suite 1150, Northwest Tower
Campus Box 8238
St. Louis, MO 63110
Fax: (314) 362-4536

Selected Publications

Articles are from more than 340 publications authored by Dr. Mackinnon

Mundschenk MB, Krauss EM, Poppler LH, Hasak JM, Klingensmith ME, Mackinnon SE, Tenenbaum MM. Resident perceptions on pregnancy during training: 2008 to 2015. Am J Surg. 2016 Aug 1. [Epub ahead of print]
Novak CB, Mackinnon SE. Evaluation of Cold Sensitivity, Pain, and Quality of Life After Upper Extremity Nerve Injury. Hand (N Y). 2016 Jun;11(2):173-6. 

Poppler LH, Ee X, Schellhardt L, Hoben GM, Pan D, Hunter DA, Yan Y, Moore AM, Snyder-Warwick AK, Stewart SA, Mackinnon SE, Wood MD. Axonal Growth Arrests After an Increased Accumulation of Schwann Cells Expressing Senescence Markers and Stromal Cells in Acellular Nerve Allografts. Tissue Eng Part A. 2016 Jul;22(13-14):949-61.

Farber SJ, Hoben GM, Hunter DA, Yan Y, Johnson PJ, Mackinnon SE, Wood MD. Vascularization is delayed in long nerve constructs compared with nerve grafts. Muscle Nerve. 2016 Aug;54(2):319-21.

Franco MJ, Phillips BZ, Lalchandani GR, Mackinnon SE. Decompression of the superficial peroneal nerve: clinical outcomes and anatomical study. J Neurosurg. 2016 Apr 22:1-6. [Epub ahead of print]

Moore AM, Mackinnon SE. Inspiration for Innovation. Hand Clin. Hand Clin. 2016 May;32(2)

Mackinnon SE. Donor Distal, Recipient Proximal and Other Personal Perspectives on Nerve Transfers. Hand Clin. 2016 May;32(2):141-51.

Dy CJ, Mackinnon SE. Ulnar neuropathy: evaluation and management. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2016 Jun;9(2):178-84.

Yan Y, Wood MD, Hunter DA, Ee X, Mackinnon SE, Moore AM. The Effect of Short Nerve Grafts in Series on Axonal Regeneration Across Isografts or Acellular Nerve Allografts. J Hand Surg Am. 2016 Jun;41(6):e113-21.

Whitman MC, Andrews C, Chan WM, Tischfield MA, Stasheff SF, Brancati F, Ortiz-Gonzalez X, Nuovo S, Garaci F, MacKinnon SE, Hunter DG, Grant PE, Engle EC. Two unique TUBB3 mutations cause both CFEOM3 and malformations of cortical development. Am J Med Genet A. 2016 Feb;170A(2):297-305.

Agenor A, Dvoracek L, Leu A, Hunter DA, Newton P, Yan Y, Johnson PJ, Mackinnon SE, Moore AM, Wood MD. Hyaluronic acid/carboxymethyl cellulose directly applied to transected nerve decreases axonal outgrowth. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2015 Dec 1.

Marquardt LM, Ee X, Iyer N, Hunter D, Mackinnon SE, Wood MD, Sakiyama-Elbert SE. Finely Tuned Temporal and Spatial Delivery of GDNF Promotes Enhanced Nerve Regeneration in a Long Nerve Defect Model. Tissue Eng Part A. 2015 Dec;21(23-24):2852-64.

Fox IK, Davidge KM, Novak CB, Hoben G, Kahn LC, Juknis N, Ruvinskaya R, Mackinnon SE. Nerve Transfers to Restore Upper Extremity Function in Cervical Spinal Cord Injury: Update and Preliminary Outcomes. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2015 Oct;136(4):780-92.

Phillips BZ, Stockburger C, Mackinnon SE. Ulnar nerve transection during Tommy John surgery: novel findings and approach to treatment. Hand (N Y). 2015 Sep;10(3):555-8.

Hoben G, Yan Y, Iyer N, Newton P, Hunter DA, Moore AM, Sakiyama-Elbert SE, Wood MD, Mackinnon SE. Comparison of acellular nerve allograft modification with Schwann cells or VEGF. Hand (N Y). 2015 Sep;10(3):396-402.

Pub Med page for Susan E. Mackinnon, M.D.


Articles are selected from more than 125 publications authored by Dr. Mackinnon.

Mackinnon SE, Patterson GA, Colbert SH. Supraclavicular approach to first rib resection for thoracic outlet syndrome. In: Cohn LH (ed.). Operative Techniques in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery: A Comparative Atlas. 10(4), 318-328, WB Saunders. 2006.

Weber RV, Mackinnon SE. Bridging the Neural Gap. In: McKee N (ed.). Clinics in Plastic Surgery 32:4, 605-616, 2005.

Weber RV, Mackinnon SE. Management of nerve injuries following a soft tissue and boney trauma. In: WP Cooney III MD (ed.). Williams & Wilkins’ Master Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery Series. Lippincott; 2005.

Myckatyn TM, Mackinnon SE. Submuscular ulnar nerve transposition. Neurosurgery Operative Atlas. 5th ed. 2005.

Myckatyn TM, Mackinnon SE. Microsurgical repair of peripheral nerves and nerve grafts. Grabb and Smith’s Plastic Surgery. 6th ed. 2005.

Mackinnon SE, Novak CB. Compressive Neuropathies. In: Green DP, Hotchkiss RN, Pederson WC, Wolfe SW. (eds.). Operative Hand Surgery. 5th Edition. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 2004.

Myckatyn TM, Mackinnon SE. A review of facial nerve anatomy. Seminars in Plastic Surgery. 18:5-11, 2004.

Rovak JM, Tung TH, Mackinnon SE. The Surgical Management of Facial Nerve Injury. Seminars in Plastic Surgery. 2004.

Tung TH, Mackinnon SE: Limb allotransplantation – Experimental. In: Weinzweig N and Weinzweig J (ed.). The Mutilated Hand. Philadelphia: Hanley & Belfus, Inc.; 2004.

Myckatyn TM, Mackinnon SE. Surgical Techniques of Nerve Grafting (Standard/Vascularized/Allograft) In: Operative Techniques in Orthopaedics. Philadephia: Elsevier Inc.; 2004.

Vernadakis AJ, Mackinnon SE: Nerve Injuries. In: Cameron John L. (ed.). Current Surgical Therapy. 8th Edition. Philadelphia: Elsevier Mosby; 2004;1066-1071.